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Saturday, March 29, 2008

TOXICOLOGY


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Divisions of Toxicology

1. Emergency - deals with overdosage of drugs
2. Drug Abuse Screening- deals with substances of abuse
3. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring - deals with drugs for therapeutic use
4. Forensic - deals with the medical -legal aspect
5. Industrial - deals with industrial products.

EMERGENCY TOXICOLOGY

SALICYLATE poisoning - is the most common cause of ET in children.
Salicylate/acetysalicylate - the active component of aspirin.

DRUG ABUSE SCREENING

Most common substances of abuse are cigarette and alcohol.

THERAPEUTIC DRUG MONITORING

The purpose of this is to establish the optimum concentration of the drug that could cure the patient.

FORENSIC

Prohibited drugs are usually involved in this.

INDUSTRIAL

pesticides and insecticides are the most common substances involved.

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