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Tuesday, October 12, 2010

TABLE OF SPECIFICATIONS- FINAL EXAMS CC 1

TABLE OF SPECIFICATIONS- FINAL EXAMS CC 1- CLINICAL CHEMISTRY 1

COVERAGE- FROM THE BEGINNING

LECTURE TOPICS:

INTRO TO CHEMISTRY - 5%
LABORATORY MATH - 20%
SPECIMEN COLLECTION - 15%
QUALITY ASSURANCE - 20%
INSTRUMENTATION - 7%
CARBOHYDRATES- 8%
LIPIDS - 10%
PROTEINS-5%
RFT -10%
TRANSCRIPTION - 15 PTS.

LABORATORY TOPICS

ALL EXPERIMENTS

PLEASE BRING;

1. GREEN MARKER
2. CALCULATOR ( NO BORROWING)
3. 2 PCS GRAPHING PAPER
4. RULER
5. PENCIL AND ERASER
6. PERMIT
7. 1 BLUEBOOK
8. ASSIGNMENTS AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS

+15 points for those with outline of all substances making use of CC man.
For review materials you can visit Clin Chem Reviewer.

COME IN COMPLETE UNIFORM
.

Sunday, October 3, 2010

All About Diabetes Mellitus

Fictitious beliefs and half-truths should be categorized for DM (diabetes mellitus), because the condition precipitates several serious illnesses that could cause death. People should become aware of these myths and classify them from the facts.

Here are some common myths about diabetes mellitus that the public should know about:


1. All diabetic patients are obese and over weight.

Not all persons with diabetes are fat. Persons with type I diabetes mellitus are usually thin, while type II DM (Diabetes Mellitus) persons are usually obese. The weight and size of a person does not indicate whether he/she has DM or not. Only a blood test could determine whether a person is diabetic or not. An FBS (Fasting Blood Sugar), RBS (Random Blood Sugar) or 2-HPPT (Two Hour Post Prandial Test) should be performed in the clinical laboratory to determine this.

2. Diabetes is curable.

Diabetes is a lifetime condition. Once you have it, it will stay. Diabetes can only be properly managed and controlled. This is because uncontrolled DM can cause irreparable damage to all of your organs, your eyes (retinopathy), your kidneys (nephropathy), and the central nervous system (neuropathy). , so when your blood glucose levels go back to normal, do not assume that you are "cured" already, and start going back to your eating binges.

Your observance of proper diet and exercise should be a lifetime process. Although the DM genes may skip a generation or two, it will always appear down line in your family's lineage.

Scientists are now trying to find a way to alter the genetic composition of a DM person so that the genes would not be passed on from one generation to another. If this happens in your lifetime, then you are lucky!

3. Diabetes is only caused by the lack or absence of insulin.

This is not always the case. Although people know that DM is the insufficiency and lack of insulin and is not acquired from eating too much sugar, people should also be aware that one of the symptoms of DM, which is hyperglycemia (elevation of blood sugar), could be the result of the increase secretion of the hormones glucagon in the alpha cells of the Islets of Langerhans and adrenaline in the adrenal medulla. These secretions can be triggered by caffeine, stress, and emergency situations.

4. Minor wounds would not pose a potential danger for a diabetic person.

A sad fact is that even a small pedicure or manicure wound could cause a gangrenous feet to be amputated. Any wound no matter how small it is should never be taken for granted. Diabetic patients usually have wounds that have difficulty healing, so they are more prone to infection.

Infection often comes from pathogenic microorganisms like Clostridium perfringens which causes gangrene (necrotization or death of body tissue.) When the tissues or cells die in one part, then it has to be amputated or this will infect all of the parts of the body and would cause inevitable death. If the gangrenous part is amputated, then the rest of the body would be spared.

5. Only sugar and sugar containing foods should be minimized in a diabetic patient's diet.

This is a half-truth. People should be aware that the most predominant carbohydrate in the bloodstream is glucose. Glucose is a simple sugar generally called a monosaccharide. Glucose comes, not only from sugar, but from a variety of bland foodstuffs like bread, rice (yes, rice!) pasta (even plain pasta), potatoes and many unsweetened foods. This is because glucose is the end product of the metabolism of any carbohydrate in which rice and the rest are included.

Excessive fat intake also could exacerbate the condition. The dietary fat could be stored as triglyceride and would add to the obesity of the person. It should be remembered that losing weight is one good management control for DM patients. So when the doctor tells you to limit your rice and fat intake, do so!

6. All sweet fruits should be avoided as they contain high levels of sugar.

Not all fruits have high sugar levels. Apple, grapefruit, strawberries, papayas, watermelons are examples of fruits good for diabetic persons. These however should be taken in fresh and not in the form of juices or shakes as these preparations have high artificial sugar content. It should be noted that there is also high fiber content with these fruits and are therefore healthy for the body.

Old myths may be proven false eventually but new myths are generated in return. People should have wisdom in distinguishing the two through proper information and education. Do not believe everything you hear through the grapevine. Take time to read good reference materials and be informed!

Saturday, September 4, 2010

20 Precautions in Venipuncture Procedure

20 Precautions in Venipuncture Procedure

1. Use only dry and sterile materials.
2. Follow the direction of the vein.
3. The bevel of the needle should be facing upwards.
4. Push and pull the plunger to ensure that the syringe and needle are not clogged.
5. Anchor the needle securely to the syringe.
6. Puncture the vein in a smooth and deliberate manner.
7. Select a vein that is not too big nor too small.
8. Do not leave the tourniquet for more than 2 minutes.
9. Sterilize in a circular manner.
10. Remove the tourniquet first before the needle.
11. Apply pressure to the wound to prevent bleeding.
12. Transfer the blood specimen immediately to specified containers.
13. Label your specimen container right after collection.
14. Discard materials is proper containers.
15. Check the patient's wound after 3-10 minutes.
16. Handle the blood gently to avoid hemolysis which can interfere with your tests.
17. Use proper needle gauge.
18. Do not press the cotton balls while the needle is still in the vein.
19. If you are collecting plasma, be sure to mix immediately the blood with the anticoagulant.
20. Separate the serum or plasma immediately and properly observing the time and rpm of specimen collection.

Tuesday, August 31, 2010

Clinical Chemistry 3 -Table of Specifications

FINAL EXAMS

CC3 Table of Specifications


Endocrinology - 30%
Toxicology - 35%
Drug Testing -35%

Types of Test

Identification
Multiple Choice
Essay
Transcription
Case Analysis
Problem Solving

Materials Needed

2 bluebooks
calculators (bring your own, borrowing is not allowed)
permits
black ball pens


LABORATORY

ALL EXPTS.

Friday, August 27, 2010

Clin Chem 1 -Table of Specifications

Midterm Exams

Topics (All topics, from the beginning)


Intro to CC - 10%
Laboratory Math -20%
Instrumentation - 20%
Quality Assurance - 25%
Specimen Collection - 25%

Type of Test


Identification
Multiple Choice
Problem Solving
Essay
Transcription

What to Bring

2 black ball pens
2 linear graphing paper
1 green marker
2 blue books
1 ruler
1 pencil with eraser
1 calculator (no borrowing and using of cellphones)
Permits


FOR LABORATORY EXAMS

ALL EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED, EXCEPT (TAG)
EXPERIMENT NOS. 1,2,3,4,5, and 6 (EXCLUDE NO. 7 & 8)

FYI AND GUIDANCE/VBG



Tuesday, August 3, 2010

Table of Specifications -Clinical Chemistry 3

Midterm Exams Coverage

Lecture

Endocrinology - 60 %
Toxicology - 40 %

Laboratory

All experiments performed

Type of exams

Identification
Multiple choice
Matching type
Problem solving
Essay
Transcription

GOOD LUCK!!!

N.B.

FOR POWERPOINT HANDOUT, PLS CONTACT ROSETTE. IT IS INCLUDED IN THE EXAM. STUDY ALL NOTES FROM THE BEGINNING, AND ALL BLOG POSTS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY. FOR TOXICOLOGY REFER TO POWERPOINT.

FYI




Saturday, June 26, 2010

CC3 Bloggers: New Assignment

Write a post about how you encountered toxicology in your life. Cite specific instances and specify what the drugs are, their side effects, their toxic, therapeutic dosages and other important information about the drug.

Best Commenter will receive a prize. Watch out for it!

Sunday, June 13, 2010

Announcement - CC BLOGGERS

Everyone should read the post of the other bloggers. Leave a valid comment to indicate you have been there. FYI.


TYPE OF PRELIM EXAMS


1. MATCHING TYPE
2. ESSAY
3. MULTIPLE CHOICE
4. PROBLEM SOLVING
5. TRANSCRIPTION

TOPIC - LEC- ENDOCRINOLOGY

LAB - ENDOCRINOLOGY -

Saturday, June 5, 2010

Assignments for Blogs 26- 32

Blog. No. 26 = Pisano's test

Blog No. 27 = quantitative HCG tests

Blog No. 28 = Serum HCG determination

Blog No. 29 = 24 -Hour Urinary steroid hormone panel tests

Blog No. 30 = Urinary cortisol test

Blog No. 31 = Urinary estrogens tests

Blog No. 32= Saliva Test Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)


Wednesday, May 12, 2010

Welcome to a new semester! MT4 Campers



Everyday is a new day! Welcome to a new semester. Give your best and keep going. Deadline for the assignments : May 12: 7 pm.

FYI

Saturday, March 20, 2010

Winners of Health Economics Essay Contest



Based on students' votes and mine, here are the winners for the Essay Contest:

1. Timothy Aaron - winner

2. Nina Francesca - 2nd Place

3. Maria Elena Luz - 2nd Place

4. Micah - 3rd Place

5. Ricci Ann - 3rd Place

Timoth Aaron will receive $ 10 dollars, Kindly see me. For the rest congratulations!


Tuesday, March 16, 2010

Final Exams - Table of Specifications= Health Economics

TOPICS FOR FINAL EXAMS

-ALL TOPICS - FROM THE BEGINNING-

BRING YOUR PERMITS AND YOUR OWN CALCULATORS.

TYPE OF TEST

Identification
Multiple choice
Problem solving

FOR YOUR GUIDANCE AND COMPLIANCE.

Final Exams - Table of Specifications= Clinical Chemistry 2

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY 2

SCOPE OF FINAL EXAMS

TOPIC (%)

LIVER FUNCTION TESTS - 15 %
AUTOMATION 15 %
BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS 20 %
ELECTROLYTES - 20 %
ENZYMOLOGY- 15 %
TRANSCRIPTION 15


Type of Test:

1. Identification
2. Multiple choice
3. Essay
4. Transcription
5. Problem solving
6. Matching type

Bring the following:

1. Permit
2. Calculators (Borrowing is not permitted)
3. 2 black pens

Come in proper uniform.

FOR YOUR GUIDANCE AND COMPLIANCE


Wednesday, February 24, 2010

Results of Essay Contest to be Announced Next Week


The final results if the Essay Contest will be published next week. Good luck to all!

Saturday, January 30, 2010

Vote for Your Best Essay- Ph2B



TO READ THE ESSAYS CLICK ON THIS LINK HEALTH ECONOMICS EXPLORER.


Finalists for Essay Writing Contest - Ph2B

1. Nikkie
2. Tricia Marie
3. Christian P
4. Mary Victoria
5. Nadyne
6. Mark Kevin
7. Micah B.
8. Ricci Anne
9. Jannes Rachel
10. Erika Joy

Kindly vote for your 3 tops articles (to be posted within the week). The top three posts with the highest scores will be selected. You can vote for 3 but only once per person. Disqualification of candidates with questionable votes. Good luck to all.


Sunday, January 24, 2010

Finalists for Essay Writing Contest - Ph2A

Finalists of Essays

1. Kathryn Denise
2. Timothy Aaron
3. Jasper
4. Maria Margarita
5. Maria Elena Luz
6. Nina Francesca
7. Aleeza Camille
8. Kimberly Kris
9. Gennyne
10.Ma. Francesca Erika

Kindly type and send your essays to my email, for posting and voting. Thanks.

Monday, January 18, 2010

HEALTH ECONOMICS ESSAY CONTEST

HEALTH ECONOMICS ESSAY CONTEST:

CRITERIA:

CONTENT: 60 %
ORIGINALITY = 10 %
SYNTAX/GRAMMAR = 10 %
PRESENTATION/ORGANIZATION = 10 %
ABILITY TO AROUSE READERS = 10 %
OVER ALL IMPACT = 10 %


QUESTION:

1. IF YOU WERE THE HEALTH SECRETARY, HOW WOULD YOU CONTROL/MINIMIZE PRODUCTION OF "BAD HEALTH PRODUCTS?" DISCUSS COMPREHENSIVELY AND PRESENT THE PROCESS STEP BY STEP, WITH RATIONALIZATION.

2. INDICATE THE GOVERNMENT'S CURRENT POLICY ON THIS TOPIC. WOULD YOU SUPPORT IT? WHY OR WHY NOT?

3. WINNER WILL RECEIVE $ 10 DOLLARS.